Thursday, January 26, 2017

Rillie Louise Gilchrist

NOTE:  The family will be updating this page from time -to - time as articles and pictures continue to come in.  We thank you for your patience and your contributions.

Hello family we have finalized the plans for our mother's celebration of life. The viewing is Friday Jan. 27th at 4pm-7pm at McNary's Chapel 458 College St. Woodland CA 95695We will have a brief graveside service Saturday Jan 28th at 11am at Monument Hills Memorial Park 35036 County Road 22 Woodland CA 95695. A wonderful celebration of life will follow right after the graveside. More information to follow.

ILLIE LOUISE SELLERS, was born on July 22, 1922 to the parents of James Butler and Emma Oliver Sellers in the town of Highbanks, Texas passed away peacefully at her home in bed on January 19, 2017.  She was surrounded by her family with lots of hugs, kisses, tears and beautiful philharmonic strings to ease our mother into the Lord’s loving arms. 

Rillie’s education was at the local one room building for children of color. When the Texas Bureau of Education would manage to find teachers, it could not provide them with supplies, no books, particularly elementary primers and advanced readers.  Rillie remembers that the teacher rented a room and received board at their parent’s home as the school was next door. Teachers requested but usually did without books, newspapers, Bibles, and other supplies.  The Bureau had no funds for the construction of school buildings. It could rent schoolrooms, however, and state officials usually approved rent vouchers of $7 to $15 a month, depending on the quality of the facility.

Rillie loved to read and would instill that love of books into her children’s soul years later.  The highest grade at that time was the Eighth Grade.  It would be a flood of the Brazzos River that would destroy the town, forcing it’s’ residences to move to the county seat of Falls County and town of Marlin, Texas.  It was there, that Rillie met and married Berry Jerry Smith and his family. 

Her mother, Emma Oliver from Beaumont, TX along with her father, Mr. Garrett Oliver; who worked as a porter on the Southern Pacific Rail Road.  He was from the family of S. L. Thomas.  As any story book would have it, with the story being true, Emma was raised by her Aunt in Nova Scotia, Texas close to Cambridge, Texas.  Her aunt sent her children to school, while Emma went to work in the fields.

Rillie’s mother would press home the point that education would set you free.  It was the beginning of World War Two (WWII), when Rillie heard that the shipyards in California were looking for workers.  They arrived in Portland, Oregon after her training in metals and learning how to rivet.  Rillie quickly moved up the ranks as her crew would launch a new cargo ship every fourteen days, a record that has not been broken or surpassed by any ship building company to this day.  Rillie was the real “Rosie the Riveter” in real life working in the Kaiser yards building the Liberty Cargo Ships for Europe.

After the war was over and the women were the first ones to be let go, she worked for the Southern Pacific Railroad in housekeeping.  Rillie decided to move to the town of Bakersfield, California where she purchased their first home.  Rillie also purchased and ran the Monaco Hotel and Grocery Store. 

Rillie’s real love was her Spinet Upright Baldwin Piano.  It was the center of her world, and being a child listening to her play and sing was just like magic.  As the entertainment director for the newly formed St. Paul’s Church of God In Christ Young People Willing Workers, she had the opportunity to invite an old family gospel group that included her first cousin, Woodrow Howard with several newcomers in the group to the Bakersfield area, by the name of the Soul Stirrers that now included her second cousin Lou Rawls, Bobby Womack and a lead singer by the name of Sam Cooke.

Rillie’s first cousin Brad Sellers, asked her if she could use a group that was traveling up the coast of California for one of her concert nights?  It was not to long that the group arrived in town and after several hours of relaxing, it was time for the group to rehearse before that nights performance. 

Back in those early days it was not a big thing to go to your neighbors home and watch television or hang out on the fence row and listen to your neighbors sing, play instruments or just watch the children playing in the yards.   We were that one family that had a television set, a console radio and record player in high fidelity and a piano all in the same house.  The majority of the young people that Rillie taught at the church came from this neighborhood.

As this writer stated before, Rillie loved her piano.  The group’s piano player was from all points South and his name was Robert “Bumps” Blackwell.  Bumps piano playing style that of a stride player, that used every part of the piano to get a sound, which included but not limited to “popping” the sustain petals and banging his knees up against the sounding board to get the feeling of many instruments at once.

On a warm summer afternoon, the music started pouring out of the front door, and the neighbors began to come outside and surround the front of the house.  It did not take long that the crowd joint in the small rehearsal and it was a free show for the neighborhood.

Mother did not remember too much of this practice only that this man had beat her piano into the ground and she was not happy.

The original Soul Stirrers was formed in Marlin, Texas in 1935 and were recorded by music historian Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress the next year. Their first commercial recordings, for the Alladin label, appeared in the late Forties. The group's original lead vocalist, R.H. Harris, was a powerful vocalist who prefigured the falsetto style of soul singing popularized by Smokey Robinson, Curtis Mayfield and others.

The Soul Stirrers were actually a quintet, featuring two lead singers and three backup vocalists.  Their use of twin frontmen - one crooning high and sweet, the other shouting hoarse and low - created stunning peaks of intensity and irresistible syncopations.

Sam Cooke replaced Harris, who left in 1950, and the Soul Stirrers' first sides with their charismatic new singer appeared on the Specialty label in 1951. He lent his graceful, sensuous phrasing to gospel classics such as "Peace in the Valley." With Cooke's irresistible voice and magnetic personality, the Soul Stirrers attained peak popularity. Cooke left to pursue a career in secular music in 1957 and was replaced by Johnnie Taylor, who sang their brilliant, Cooke-produced recording of "Stand By Me Father" (later reworked by soul singer Ben E. King into the classic "Stand By Me").

Despite numerous personnel changes the Soul Stirrers remain a viable and functioning institution to this day, and their recorded legacy continues to echo through the parallel worlds of gospel and soul music.

Moving to Rosamond, California the spinet piano came with her, and this time, she placed it in her bedroom to keep us kids from pounding on it and keeping it out of tune.  Rillie did not like a piano that out of tune.  The only time we kids could play the piano was when she was in church.

Rosamond California - Charles Graves Family - TWC News 2-24-15 from NEWS ONE on Vimeo.
 This particular Sunday in the summer of 1965, Billy Foster called Rillie and asked her if he could use her piano and have your oldest son, Kenny record him.  She said yes.  It was three songs later and one roll of Radio Shack reel to reel tape.  One of the songs that came out of Rillie’s piano was “I’d Rather Go Blind” by Etta James.

Beyonce Knowles and Billy Foster

Billy Foster and Etta James at the recording session of "I'd Rather Go Blind"

Rillie had her hands in the music business, but never gave it any concern.  If the music was not for the Lord, than it was not the music for her.

About that Hi-Fi music console, the record collection of Rillie’s was very unique.  One of the artist’s that we kids grow up on was Sister Rosette Tharpe.  She played the electric guitar and sing.

Usually, the apple does not fall to far from the tree.  Rillie's older son, Kenneth Howard Smith who was the CEO/President of D-Town Records that had several artists on his label from the great days of independent black record companies.  One of his acts included the Staple Singers and he produced the compilation CD.

This is not an ad for a pawn shop, but an obituary for a great Woman, Mother, Grandmother and Great-Grandmother, teacher, preacher and all around citizen and one who help her follow man.  Born on July 22, 1922 in Highbanks, Texas, she leaves behind a very dysfunctional family that she was very proud of.

Rillie was world-renowned for her patience, not holding back her opinion and a knack for telling it like it is.  She always told you the truth even if it wasn't what you wanted to hear. It was the school of hard knocks and yes we were told many times how she had to walk in a blizzard to get to school, so suck it up.

Rillie decided to move the family from Bakersfield to the little town of Rosamond, California where the Tropical Goldmine was still producing in early days of 1956.  The reason was the drive from Bakersfield to Edwards Air Force Base, California was everyday and it was just two lane highways at that time which winded itself through the Tehachapi Mountains.

With the relocation to Rosamond is when things really started to change for her.  The town only had five black families, and it was started by Charles Alexander Graves, Sr., and his wife who created the first U.S. Post Office and the first school house back in 1890’s.  With four children in the Southern Unified School District, Rillie found herself as one of the officers of the Parent and Teachers Association known in those days as the PTA, and the president of the Band Boosters.

Rillie also decided to go back to school and became alumni of Antelope Valley College in Lancaster, California, taking a variety of courses over the years.  What was Rillie’s calling was to build her a church.  With the help of Mother Murphy and Mother Graves, these ladies sold more Sunday dinners, along with pies and cakes to help raise enough money to purchase the land on 60th Street and enough funds to construct the building which is still standing today.  This would be the first of five churches build by her.

With that said she was genuine to a fault, a pussy cat at heart (or lion) and yet she sugar coated nothing. Her extensive vocabulary was more than highly proficient at knowing more Bible words than most people learned in a lifetime.  She loved her large gardens and trust us… she LOVED to weed that garden with us as her helpers, when child labor was legal or so we were told.

These words of encouragement, wisdom, and sometimes comfort, kept us in line, taught us the "school of hard knocks" and gave us something to pass down to our children. Everyone always knew where you stood with her.  She liked you or she didn't, it was black or white.

As her children we are still trying to figure out which one it was for us (we know she loved us). She was a master cook in the kitchen.  She believed in overcooking everything until it chewed like rubber so you would never get sick because all germs would be nuked.
Karen Parker's San Francisco from NEWS ONE on Vimeo.

She will be sorely missed and survived by her oldest sister  -  As a mother and step mother the following children:  Peter Smith, Emma Smith, Betty Jo Smith, Kenneth Howard Smith, Theodore Alexander Smith, Brenda Louise Smith, Wandalene Smith, Clyde Edgar Smith, Sandra Lucretia Smith; Her step children:  Erma Jean Smith-Brown, Michael Gilchrist, Pepper Gilchrist, Ernest Gilchrist, Joyce Gilchrist, Todd Gilchrist
grandchildren:  and great-grandchildren:

She was preceded in death by her loving husband the Reverend Roosevelt Gilchrist.  All whom loved her dearly and will never forget her tenacity, wit, charm, grace (when pertinent) and undying love and caring for them.

Order of Celebration

Officiating: Rev. Keith Williams, Sr.
Director of Services: Sister Sandra L. Williams


10:45 am               Internment Service at the Grave Site – Woodland
11:30 am               Prelude
11:45 am               Processional – Clergy, Pallbearers & Family
12:00 noon           Scripture Reading –
                                Old Testament – New Testament
12:10 pm               Prayer – Rev. Keith Williams, Sr.
12:15 pm               Music –
12:20 pm               Obituary Reading –
12:30 pm               Rev. Keith Williams, Sr.
12:40 pm               Recessional
12:45 pm               Repass and Food

Active Pallbearers

Officiating: Rev. Keith Williams, Sr.
Director of Services: Sister Sandra L. Williams
Honorary Pallbearers

Officiating: Rev. Keith Williams, Sr.
Director of Services: Sister Sandra L. Williams


Perhaps you made a comforting call, or sat quietly in a chair.
Perhaps you sent a card or dish of food, if so, we saw it there.
Perhaps you spoke the kindest words as any friend could say.
Perhaps you were not there at all; just thought of us that day.
Whatever you did to console our hearts, we appreciate you sincerely.
May God forever bless you.

I’m Right Here In Your Heart!

A Poem for Rillie Louise Sellers-Smith-Gilchrist
Director of Services: Sister Sandra L. Williams 

A Picture Party
Luella Sellers-Booker, Rillie Louise Sellers-Smith, Berry Jerry Smith

Descendants of Rillie Louise Gilchrist

Rev. Roosevelt and Mother Rillie Gilchrist

Rillie and Berry and his 35th birthday in Bakersfield, CA. (circa 1947)

Berry Jerry and Kenneth Howard Smith (circa 1949)

Theodore A Smith, Wandalene Smith, Brenda Louise Smith, Mother Gilchrist, Todd Gilchrist, Sandra L. Smith and Clyde Edgar Smith (circa 1976)

HIGHBANK, TEXAS. Highbank, on Farm Road 413 ten miles south of Marlin and two miles west of the Brazos River in southern Falls County, formed as a farming community in the 1880s. 

It was presumably named for the nearby bank of the Brazos. Highbank became a railroad stop when the Calvert, Waco and Brazos Valley Railroad (later part of the Missouri Pacific) built through the area in 1901. A post office was established at Highbank in 1902, and the community grew rapidly. It became a popular weekend gathering-place for residents of the surrounding area. 

Local sources claim that at its peak, Highbank had a population of several hundred and supported fifteen or twenty businesses, including a motel, two saloons, a cafe, and several grocery and general stores. The community's economy was hurt when prohibition began in 1918. After a fire in 1936 destroyed much of the business district, many residents decided to rebuild elsewhere. 

County highway maps from the late 1940s showed two schools, two churches, and a number of residences and businesses at the site. Highbank was part of the Bethany common school district, which was consolidated with the Marlin Independent School District in 1957. 

The Highbank post office was discontinued in 1973, and the general store that had housed the post office closed soon thereafter. The community's population was reported at 126 from 1970 through 1990 but dropped to sixty-eight in 2000.

Falls County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 17,866. The county seat is Marlin. It is named for the original 10-foot-tall waterfall on the Brazos River, which existed until the river changed course during a storm in 1866.

Native Americans

The Brazos River valley served as hunting grounds for several tribes, including Wacos, Tawakonis, and Anadarkos. The Comanches were often a more aggressive band who forced other tribes off the land. The Tawakoni branch of Wichita Indians originated north of Texas, but migrated south into east Texas. From 1843 onward, the Tawakoni were part of treaties made by both the Republic of Texas and the United States.

The Cherokees arrived in the early 1830s. Sam Houston, adopted son of Chief Oolooteka (John Jolly) of the Cherokee, negotiated the February 1836 treaty between Chief Bowl[6] of the Cherokees and the Republic of Texas.

January 1839, Falls County saw two brutal massacres by the Anadarkos, under chief José María, at the homes of George Morgan and John Marlin. A retaliatory offensive by settlers was ineffective and forced the group into a retreat.

In 1846, several tribes negotiated a treaty with the United States government.


Empresarios "Sterling C. Robertson:Texas Association/Nashville Co." and Robert Leftwich received a grant from the Coahuila y Tejas legislature to settle 800 families. By contracting how many families each grantee could settle, the government sought to have some control over colonization. Robertson began bringing American settlers to his Nashville colony (later called Robertson's Colony). Most of the settlers came from Alabama, Tennessee, and Mississippi. He named the capital of the Nashville colony Sarahville de Viesca. Fort Viesca was built in 1834, with a name change to Fort Milam in 1835. The settlement was deserted during the Runaway Scrape of 1836, and reoccupied after the Battle of San Jacinto.

County established and growth

The state legislature formed Falls County from Limestone and Milam counties in 1850, and named it after the falls of the Brazos River. Marlin became the county seat.

By the census of 1860 the county had 1,716 slaves. Falls County voted in favor of secession from the Union. The county fared better during Reconstruction than most, perhaps due to its distance from areas subject to Union military occupation.

Marlin began to be known by the healing powers of its hot mineral waters by the 1890s. Conrad Hilton built the Falls Hotel, with a tunnel to a mineral bath, to accommodate the business generated by the hot spring.

The Houston and Texas Central Railway became the first railroad through the county around 1870. The Waco Division of the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway, in 1886-1925, had multiple stops in Falls County. In 1902 the Missouri Pacific Railroad passed through the county.

A log cabin served as the county's first courthouse in the 1850s, until the second courthouse was built of white cedar. The second courthouse burned in 1870. A third courthouse was built in 1876 but was damaged by a storm in 1886.

A fourth courthouse was built in 1888, which by the 1930s had greatly deteriorated. The concrete, brick, and stone fifth and present-day courthouse was completed in 1939 by architect Arthur E. Thomas.

Mother Rillie Louise Gilchrist at the Mighty Mississippi River, Memphis TN from brtiAmerica on Vimeo.

The Year is 1922 and this is what was going on when Rillie Louise Sellers was born:

Highbank is an unincorporated community in southern Falls County, Texas, United States. It lies located along Farm to Market Road 413, just east of the Brazos River.  Elevation: 321'

Timeline 1922 - 1923

1922        Jan 3, Bill Travers producer, director, actor: Born Free, was born.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)

1922        Jan 5, Sir Ernest Shackleton (47) died at sea enroute from South Georgia Island to Antarctica. He was buried on South Georgia Island.  In 1924Hugh Robert Mill authored "The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton."
    (ON, 5/00, p.10)

1922        Jan 11, Insulin, then called isletin, was 1st used to treat diabetes on Leonard Thompson (14) of Canada. [see Jan 23]

1922        Jan 17, Betty White, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls), was born.
    (MC, 1/17/02)
1922        Jan 17, Luis Echeverria Alvarez, president Mexico, was born.
    (MC, 1/17/02)

1922        Jan 22, Jean-Pierre Rampal (d.5/20/2000), flautist, was born in Marseilles France.
1922        Jan 22, James Bryce (b.1838), 1st Viscount Bryce, British jurist, historian and politician, died. He had served as ambassador to the United States from 1907 to 1913. His books included “The American Commonwealth," a classic study of the US Constitution.
1922        Jan 22, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.
    (AP, 1/22/98)

1922        Jan 23, the first successful test on a human patient with diabetes occurred when a 2nd dose of insulin was administered to dangerously ill Leonard Thompson (14). Following the birth of an idea and nine months of experimentation, and through the combined efforts of four men at the University of Toronto, Canada, insulin for the treatment of diabetes was first discovered and later purified for human use. Rural Canadian physician Dr. F.G. Banting first conceived the idea of extracting insulin from the pancreas in 1920.  He and his assistant C.H. Best prepared pancreatic extracts to prolong the lives of diabetic dogs with advice and laboratory aid from Professor J.J.R. Macleod. The crude insulin extract was purified for human testing by Dr. J.B. Collip.  Insulin, now made from cattle pancreases, lifted the death sentence for diabetes sufferers around the world.
    (HNPD, 1/23/99)(

1922        Jan 24, Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, patented the Eskimo Pie. The product reportedly saved Iowa's dairy business during the Great Depression.
    (AP, 1/24/98)(SFEC, 4/11/99, Z1 p.8)

1922        Jan 27, Elizabeth Cochran (1864-1922), renowned American journalist who had written under the pen name of Nellie Bly, died in NYC.
    (ON, 6/20/11, p.12)(

1922        Jan 28, The American Pro Football Association was renamed "National Football League."
    (MC, 1/28/02)

1922        Jan 30, Dick Martin, actor, comedian (Laugh-In), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 1/30/02)

1922        Jan, The Iraqi state police force was founded.
    (AFP, 1/8/12)

1922        Feb 1, William Desmond Taylor, president of the Motion Picture Director’s Guild, was discovered murdered in his Hollywood bungalow. Taylor was discovered to actually be William Deane-Tanner, an Irishman who had abandoned his family and reinvented himself in the film industry.  In 2014 William J. Mann authored “Tinseltown: Murder, Morphine, and Madness at the Dawn of Hollywood."
    (AH, 2/05, p.47)(SSFC, 1/4/15, p.N2)

1922        Feb 1, Lieutenant Colonel I. Matuszewski, the head of the II department of the Polish Joint Staff, informed the military minister of Poland in the letter, that 22,000 prisoners of war were lost in the camp of Tuchola during its existence.

1922        Feb 1, Renata Tebaldi (d.2004), lyric soprano, was born, Pesaro Italy.

1922        Feb 2, James Joyce's novel "Ulysses" was published in Paris with 1,000 copies.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.C12)(MC, 2/2/02)

1922        Feb 5, The Reader's Digest began publication in Pleasantville, New York.  In 1939 it moved to Chappaqua, NY. In 2005 it published its 1,000th issue.
    (HN, 2/5/01)(SFC, 7/19/05, p.D6)

1922        Feb 5, William Larned's steel-framed tennis racquet got its first test.
    (HN, 2/5/99)

1922        Feb 6, The Washington Disarmament Conference came to an end with signature of final treaty forbidding fortification of the Aleutian Islands for 14 years. The US, UK, France, Italy & Japan signed the Washington naval arms limitation.
    (HN, 2/6/99)(MC, 2/6/02)

1922        Feb 7, John Willard's "Cat & the Canary," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1922        Feb 8, President William Harding had a radio installed in the White House.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1922        Feb 9, The U.S. Congress established the World War Foreign Debt Commission.
    (HN, 2/9/97)

1922        Feb 10, Harold Hughes, Governor of New Jersey, was born.
    (HN, 2/10/97)

1922        Feb 11, "April Showers" by Al Jolson hit Billboard’s No. #1.
    (MC, 2/11/02)
1922        Feb 11, US "intervention army" left Honduras.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1922        Feb 15, Marconi began regular radio broadcasting transmissions from Essex.
    (MC, 2/15/02)

1922        Feb 16, Geraint Evans, Welsh opera baritone (Knaben Wunderhorn, Falstaff), was born.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1922        Feb 16, The Univ. of Vytautas the Great re-opened in Kaunas. It was Lithuania’s main university until 1930.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.4)(LHC, 2/16/03)

1922        Feb 18, Pres. Harding signed the Capper-Volstead Act. It exempted farmers from federal antitrust laws permitting them to share prices and orchestrate supply.
    (WSJ, 9/26/06, p.B1)(

1922        Feb 20, Vilnius, Lithuania, agreed to separate from Poland.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1922        Feb 21, Murray "the K" Kaufman, NYC DJ (5th Beatle), was born.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1922        Feb 21, Airship Rome exploded at Hampton Roads, Virginia, and 34 died.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1922        Feb 21, Great Britain granted Egypt independence.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1922        Feb 27, G.B. Shaw's "Back to Methuselah I/II" premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/27/02)
1922        Feb 27, Commerce Sec. Herbert Hoover convened the 1st National Radio Conference.
    (MC, 2/27/02)
1922        Feb 27, The Supreme Court unanimously upheld the 19th Amendment to the Constitution that guaranteed the right of women to vote. 
    (AP, 2/27/98)

1922        Feb 28, Britain declared Egypt a sovereign state, but British troops remained.
    (HN, 2/28/98)(MC, 2/28/02)

1922        Feb, Ernest Hemingway met poet Ezra Pound in a Paris bookstore. Pound was one of the founders of a school of poetry called Imagism.
    (ON, 7/05, p.9)

1922        Mar 1, Yitzhak Rabin, premier (Israel, 1992-95, Nobel 1994), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1922        Mar 3, WWJ-AM in Detroit, MI, began radio transmissions.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1922        Mar 3, Italian fascists occupied Fiume and Rijeka.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1922        Mar 4, Bert Williams (b.1874), Antigua-born black actor, mime and singer, died after collapsing onstage in Detroit. In 2005 Caryl Phillips authored “Dancing in the Dark," a novel based on Bert Williams. His recordings included “Nobody."
    (, 2/11/08, p.E1)

1922        Mar 5, Pier Paolo Pasolini, director (Teorema, Pigsty), was born in Bologna, Italy.
    (MC, 3/5/02)
1922        Mar 5, "Nosferatu" premiered in Berlin.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1922        Mar 6, G.B. Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh III/IV," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1922        Mar 9, Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1922        Mar 12, Jack Kerouac, American novelist, was born. He wrote "On the Road."
    (HN, 3/12/99)

1922        Mar 13, George Bernard Shaw’s "Back to Methusaleh V," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1922        Mar 15, Sultan Fuad I issued whereby he changed his title from Sultan of Egypt to King of Egypt.
1922        Mar 15, France was willing to accept raw material instead of currency for German reparations.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1922        Mar 18, Mohandas K. Gandhi was sentenced in India to six years' imprisonment for civil disobedience. He was released after serving two years. [see Mar 22]
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1922        Mar 20, Raymond Walter Goulding, Radio comedian of Bob and Ray fame, was born.
    (HN, 3/20/01)

1922        Mar 20, Carl Reiner, comedian (2000 Year Old Man, Dick Van Dyke Show), was born in the Bronx.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1922        Mar 20, President Harding ordered U.S. troops back from the Rhineland.
    (HN, 3/20/98)

1922        Mar 20, the 11,500-ton Langley was commissioned into the U.S. Navy as America’s first aircraft carrier. Langley was not regarded as a beautiful ship. Her flight deck was 533 feet long and 64 feet wide with an open-sided hanger deck, inspiring the nickname "the Old Covered Wagon." Under the leadership of Commander Kenneth Whiting, Langley served as a base for reconnaissance aircraft and a laboratory to develop new procedures for launching and recovering planes, such as the use of cross-deck arresting wires to brake incoming aircraft.
    (HN, 3/20/99)

1922        Mar 22, A British court sentenced Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years in prison. [see Mar 18]
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1922        Mar 23, 1st airplane landed at the US Capitol in Washington DC.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1922        Mar 28, the 1st microfilm device was introduced.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1922        Mar 29, The Lithuanian government announced a land reform act enacted Feb 15.
    (LC, 1998, p.12)(LHC, 3/29/03)

1922        Mar 31, Richard Kiley, actor (Man of La Mancha, Endless Love), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1922        Apr 1, William Manchester, historian (Death of a President), was born in Attleboro, Mass.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1922        Apr 1, Karl I (b.1887), leader of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, died. Also known in the West as Charles I, he took the throne in 1916 and worked for peace, abdicating at the end of World War I, a few years before his death. In 2004 he was beatified by Pope John Paul VI.
    (AP, 10/3/04)(

1922        Apr 3, Stalin was appointed General Secretary of Communist Party.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1922        Apr 4, Elmer Bernstein, movie music composer (Robot Monster), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1922        Apr 6, Barry Levinson, director (Rain Man), was born.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1922        Apr 7,  U.S. Secretary of Interior leased Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome,"  in Wyoming to Harry F. Sinclair.
    (HN, 4/7/97)(MC, 4/7/02)

1922        Apr 12, A San Francisco jury acquitted actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in his 3rd murder trial following 2 hung juries.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W7)(AH, 2/05, p.47)

1922        Apr 13, John Gerard Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top), was born.
    (HN, 4/13/01)

1922        Apr 14, Irish Republic rebels occupied 4 government courts in Dublin.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1922        Apr 15, Neville Mariner, conductor, was born.
    (HN, 4/15/01)
1922        Apr 15, Harold Washington, first black mayor of Chicago (1983-1987), was born.
    (HN, 4/15/98)

1922        Apr 15, Wyoming Democratic Senator John Kendrick introduced a resolution that set in motion one of the most significant investigations in Senate history. On the previous day, the Wall Street Journal had reported an unprecedented secret arrangement in which the Secretary of the Interior, without competitive bidding, had leased the U.S. naval petroleum reserve at Wyoming's Teapot Dome to a private oil company. Wisconsin Republican Senator Robert La Follette arranged for the Senate Committee on Public Lands to investigate the matter. His suspicions deepened after someone ransacked his Russell Building office.

1922        Apr 16, Kingsley Amis (d.1995), novelist and poet, was born. He wrote more than 20 novels and 6 volumes of verse. His work included "The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage." In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography "Kingsley Amis."
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)(HN, 4/16/01)

1922        Apr 16, Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, to set a women’s record.
    (HN, 4/16/98)
1922        Apr 16, A German-Russia treaty was signed in Italy. It recognized the Soviet Union.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1922        Apr 18, The office of Will Hays, head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA), announced that Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle was banned from working in motion pictures, effective immediately.
    (AH, 2/05, p.47)

1922        Apr 19, Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot who later downed 352 Russian aircrafts, was born.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1922        Apr 22, Charles Mingus (d.1979), jazz bassist, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)

1922        Apr 27, Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premiered in Berlin.
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1922        Apr 29, A 100-mile-long battle raged near Peking, China.
    (HN, 4/29/98)

1922        May 5, Construction began on Yankee Stadium in the Bronx.

1922        May 13, In San Francisco the 2,300-seat Loew’s Warfield Theater opened on Market St.
    (SFC, 5/11/05, p.C1)(SFC, 3/19/15, p.C3)

1922        May 18, Dutch 2nd Chamber agreed to a 48 hour work week over the previous 45 hours.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1922        May 23, "Abbie’s Irish Rose" opened for the 1st of over 2,500 performances.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1922        May 25, Babe Ruth was suspended for 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an umpire.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1922        May 26, Lenin suffered a stroke.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1922        May 29, The US Supreme Court ruled that organized baseball is a sport, not subject to antitrust laws.
    (HN, 5/29/98)

1922        May 29, Ecuador became independent.
    (HN, 5/29/98)

1922        May 29, Iannis Xenakis, Greek mathematician, architect and composer, was born in Romania. In 2004 James Harley authored “Xenakis: His Life in Music."
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.M4)

1922        May 29, Jevgeni B. Vachtangov (39), Armenian-Russian actor, director, died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1922        May 30, The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., by Chief Justice William Howard Taft and Robert Todd Lincoln. The Memorial has 48 sculptured festoons above the columns representing the number of states at the time of dedication. The 36 Doric columns in the Lincoln Memorial represent the number of states in the Union at the time of Lincoln’s death in 1865. The limestone and marble edifice, which is situated at the western end of the Mall, was designed by Henry Bacon of North Carolina in the style of a Greek temple. Daniel Chester French co-designed the memorial with Bacon.
    (HNQ, 2/12/00)(WSJ, 5/24/08, p.W12)(AP, 5/30/08)
1922        Jun 3, Alain Resnais, French film director, was born.
    (HN, 6/3/01)

1922        Jun 7, Rocky Graziano, boxer, entertainer (Pantomime Quiz, Martha Raye Show), was born.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1922        Jun 10, Judy Garland, singer-actress was born as Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minn. She starred in The Wizard of Oz and Easter Parade.
    (AP, 6/10/97)(HN, 6/10/99)

1922        Jun 11, John Bromfield, actor (Easy to Love), was born in South Bend, In.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1922        Jun11, Michael Cacoyannis, director (Zorba the Greek, Trojan Women), was born.

1922        Jun 11, The documentary film “Nanook of the North," shot in subarctic Quebec (1920-1921) by Robert Flaherty, premiered in NYC.
    (ON, 2/03, p.11)

1922        Jun 14, Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry. [see Jan 19, 1903]
    (AP, 6/14/97)(HN, 6/14/98)

1922        Jun 15, Morris "Mo" Udall (d.1998), U.S. Congressman from Arizona (1961-1991), was born in St. Johns, Az. He was one of 6 children in a pioneer Mormon family and was instrumental in investigating the Mai Lai Massacre in Vietnam and later sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976.
    (HN, 6/15/99)(SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)

1922        Jun 16, Henry Berliner demonstrated his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1922        Jun 19, Aage Nills Bohr, physicist, study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975), was born in Denmark.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1922        Jun 21, Judy Holliday, actress, was born.
    (HN, 6/21/01)

1922        Jun 22, Bill Blass (d.2002), fashion designer, was born in Fort Wayne, Ind.
    (SFC, 6/13/02, p.A23)

1922        Jun 25, The SF Chronicle’s sports pages became the Sporting Green with the sports section printed in green.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W2)

1922        Jun 27, George Walker, composer (In Praise of Lillies), was born in Washington, DC.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1922        Jun 27, The Newberry Medal was 1st presented for kids literature to Hendrik Van Loon.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1922        Jun 30, Irish rebels in London assassinated Sir Henry Wilson, the British deputy for Northern Ireland.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1922        Jul 2, Dan Rowan, comedian (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in), was born in Beggs, Okla.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1922        Jul 6, Vice-president Calvin Coolidge gave a speech at Fredericksburg City Park on behalf of a fund raising campaign to save and restore the Kenmore House, the home of Elizabeth (sister of George Washington) and Fielding Lewis.
    (HT, 5/97, p.44,68)

1922        Jul 7, Pierre Cardin, fashion designer (Unisex), was born in Paris, France.
    (AP, 7/7/02)(MC, 7/7/02)

1922        Jul 15, 1st duck-billed platypus was publicly exhibited in US at a NY zoo.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1922        Jul 17, Donald Davie, English poet and literary critic, was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)

1922        Jul 18, A fire began at the Manufacturers Transit Company’s 7-storey warehouse on Jane St. in Greenwich Village, NYC. Explosions erupted and newspapers called it “the Greenwich Village Volcano." 2 firemen were killed. A final eruption destroyed 2 houses on  Jul 23. Assistant fire chief “Smokey Joe" Martin (d.1945) directed the fire fighting efforts.
    (ON, 4/03, p.8)

1922        Jul 19, George McGovern, 1972 Democratic candidate for president of the United States, South Dakota senator, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1922        Jul 21, Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, was murdered.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1922        Jul 26, Jason Robards Jr, actor (A Thousand Clowns, Any Wednesday), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1922        Jul 27, Norman Lear, TV writer, producer (All in The Family), was born.
    (MC, 7/27/02)
1922        Jul 27, The US government recognized the Lithuanian government de jure.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1922        Jul 28, Jacques Piccard, undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste), was born in Switzerland.
    (SC, 7/28/02)
1922        Jul 28, A statement drafted by the Diplomatic Service of the USA specified in the concealed form temporariness of self-dependence of the state system of Lithuania and,  at the same time, Latvia and Estonia, as long as the Bolshevist Russia exists, as well as conditionality of the states by acknowledging their governments only, and not the states themselves.
    ( p.43)

1922        Jul 31, Ralph Samuelson (18) rode the world's 1st water skis in Minn.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1922        Aug 1, Lithuania adopted a new Constitution.
    (DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(LC, 1998, p.22)

1922        Aug 2, Alexander Graham Bell (b.1847), Scottish-US physicist (telephone), died in Nova Scotia. He and Gardiner Hubbard, his father-in-law, were the founders of the National Geographic Society.
    (, 1/03, p.5)
1922        Aug 2, China was hit by a typhoon and some 60,000 died.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1922        Aug 7, The Irish Republican Army cut the cable link between the United States and Europe at Waterville landing station.
    (HN, 8/7/98)

1922        Aug 8, Rudi Gernreich, designer (1st women's topless swimsuit, miniskirt), was born.
    (MC, 8/8/02)
1922        Aug 8, An Italian general strike was broken by fascist terror.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1922        Aug 12, The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. was dedicated as a memorial.
    (HN, 8/12/98)

1922        Aug 15, Lukas Foss, [Fuchs], composer (Prairie), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1922        Aug 17, Ralph Roberts, actor (Tradition, Gone are the Days), was born in NC.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1922        Aug 18, Shelly Winters, actress who won an Academy Award for The Diary of Anne Frank, was born.
    (HN, 8/18/98)

1922        Aug 21, Curly Lambeau and Green Bay Football Club were granted an NFL franchise.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1922        Aug 22, Michael Collins, Irish politician, was killed in an ambush.
    (HN, 8/22/98)

1922        Aug 26, The Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs 26-23.
    (SFEC, 7/25/99, Z1 p.2)

1922        Aug 28, The first-ever radio commercial aired on station WEAF in New York City (the 10-minute advertisement was for the Queensboro Realty Company, which had paid a fee of $100).
    (HFA, ‘96, p.36)(AP, 8/28/97)

1922        Aug, Templeton Crocker led a movement to "organize anew" the California Historical Society. The society began publishing a magazine that has continued ever since.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.9)(SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.55)

1922        Aug, The last California grizzly bear was shot by a Fresno cattle rancher, though another was sighted in Tulare County a couple years later.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.8)

1922         Aug, The ecumenical patriarch in Constantinople recognized the Autochephalous Albanian Orthodox Church.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1922        Sep 1, Yvonne De Carlo, actress (10 Commandments, Munsters) was born in Vancouver, BC.
    (SC, 9/1/02)
1922        Sep 1, Vittorio Gassman, actor (War and Peace) was born.
    (SC, 9/1/02)
1922        Sep 1, Melvin R. Laird (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73) was born.
    (SC, 9/1/02)
1922        Sep 1, A NYC law required all "pool" rooms to change their name to "billiards."
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1922        Sep 7, Dr. William Halsted (b.1852), an American surgeon, died. He had emphasized strict aseptic technique during surgical procedures, was an early champion of newly discovered anesthetics, and introduced several new operations, including the radical mastectomy for breast cancer. Halsted had experimented with cocaine and injected himself with the drug. Throughout his professional life, he was addicted to cocaine and later also to morphine.

1922        Sep 7, Thomas Cobden-Sanderson (b.1840), English printer and bookbinder, died. He and Emery Walker had formed a printing partnership in 1900 and created the Doves typeface. The partnership went sour and between 1913-1917 Cobden-Sanderson dropped a ton of the metal typeface into the Thames to keep it out of the hands of Walker. In 2003 Marianne Todcombe authored “The Doves Press."
    (, 12/21/13, p.118)

1922        Sep 8, Sid Caesar, comedian and television star, best known for "Your Show of Shows," and "The Sid Caesar Show," was born in Yonkers, NY.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(MC, 9/8/01)

1922        Sep 9, William T. Cosgrave replaced assassinated Irish leader Michael Collins.
    (MC, 9/9/01)
1922        Sep 9, Turkish troops under Mustafa Kemal conquered Smyrna, Greece. This effectively ended in the field the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) more than three years after the Greek army had landed on Smyrna on 15 May, 1919. In 2008 Giles Milton authored “Paradise Lost: Smyrna, 1922: The Destruction of Islam’s City of Tolerance."
    (, 5/3/08, p.90)

1922        Sep 13, A major fire began to ravage Smyrna, Greece, shortly following occupation by Turkish troops under Mustafa Kemal. The fire lasted 4 days.

1922        Sep 11, The British mandate of Palestine began.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1922        Sep 13, In El Azizia, Libya, a temperature of 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius) was the hottest ever measured on Earth.
    (AP, 7/23/03)

1922        Sep 16, Rev. Edward Wheeler Hall and his mistress, choir member Eleanor Mills, were found shot to death in a New Jersey apple orchard. Hall’s wife and her 2 brothers were indicted for the murder, but they were acquitted at trial. In 1964 William Kunstler authored “The Minister and the Choir Singer, “ an account of the double murder and trial.
    (WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)

1922        Sep 21, Pres Warren G. Harding signed a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
    (MC, 9/21/01)
1922        Sep 21, The US passed a tariff act. The Fordney-McCumber Tariff bill (named after Joseph Fordney, chair of the House Ways and Means Committee, and Porter McCumber, chair of the Senate Finance Committee) was signed by President Warren Harding. In the end, the tariff law raised the average American ad valorem tariff rate to 38 percent.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.126)(

1922        Sep 24, Cornell MacNeil, US, operatic baritone (La Traviata), was born.
    (MC, 9/24/01)

1922        Sep 26, Thomas Watson (b.1856) Populist Georgia state politician, attorney, newspaper editor, died in Washington, DC.
    (, 12/7/13, p.34)

1922        Sep 28, Mussolini marched on Rome.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1922        Sep, Ahmet Zogu, a tribal warlord, assumed the position of Prime Minister.
    (SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(www, Albania, 1998)

1922        Oct 3, Rebecca L. Felton, D-Ga., became the first woman to be seated in the U.S. Senate. Mrs. Felton had been appointed to serve out the remaining term of Sen. Thomas E. Watson.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1922        Oct 3, The 1st facsimile photo (fax) was sent over city telephone lines in Washington, DC.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1922        Oct 8, Dr. Christiaan Barnard, Pioneering South African heart-transplant surgeon, was born. [see Nov 8]
    (MC, 10/8/01)
1922        Oct 8, Lilian Gatlin became the first woman pilot to fly across the United States.
    (HN, 10/8/98)

1922        Oct 9, Fyvush Finkel, actor (Middle Ages, Picket Fences, Boston Public), was born.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1922        Oct 14, The 1st automated telephones began service at the Pennsylvania exchange in NYC.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1922        Oct 18, Little Orphan Annie, comic strip character, was born.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1922        Oct 22, Parsifal Place was laid out in Bronx. It was named after a knight in Wagner's Opera.
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1922        Oct 24, Irish Parliament adopted a constitution for an Irish Free State.
    (MC, 10/24/01)

1922        Oct 26, Italian government resigned under pressure from fascists and Benito Mussolini.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1922        Oct 27, The first US annual celebration of Navy Day took place.
    (AP, 10/27/00)   
1922        Oct 27, In Italy, liberal Luigi Facta’s cabinet resigned after threats from Mussolini that "either the government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome." Mussolini called for a general mobilization of all Fascists.
    (HN, 10/27/98)

1922      Oct 28, The 1st coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game. WEAF in New York broadcast the first collegiate football game to be heard across the US. Princeton played against the University of Chicago at Stagg Field in Chicago, Illinois. Telephone lines transmitted the game to New York City, where the radio transmission started. Queensboro Realty Co. paid $100 for 10 minutes of air time. (Princeton 21, Chicago 18.)
1922        Oct 28, Fascism came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of the government.
    (AP, 10/28/97)

1922        Oct 30, Mussolini sent his black shirts into Rome and formed a government. The Fascist takeover was almost without bloodshed. [see Oct 28]
    (HN, 10/30/98)(MC, 10/30/01)

1922        Oct 31, Norodom Sihanouk (d.2012), 2-time king (1941-1955 and 1993-2004), president and premier of Cambodia, was born.
1922        Oct 31, Karel & Josef Capek's "World We Live In," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 10/31/01)
1922        Oct 31, Mussolini was made prime minister. He centralized all power in himself as leader of the Fascist party and attempted to create an Italian empire, ultimately in alliance with Hitler's Germany. Mussolini formed a cabinet of Fascists and Nationalists and declared himself temporary dictator.
    (HN, 10/30/98)(SFC, 10/15/99, p.C12)

1922        Nov 1, The Ottoman Empire ended as Turkey’s Grand National Assembly abolished the sultanate. In 2006 Caroline Finkel authored “Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire."
    (, 4/11/06, p.D8)

1922        Nov 2, Australian Qantas airways began service.
1922        Nov 2, English archeologist Charles Leonard Woolley began excavating the ancient Mesopotamian city of Ur, located between Baghdad and the Persian Gulf.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.7)

1922        Nov 4, The US Postmaster General ordered all homes to get mailboxes or relinquish delivery of mail.
    (HN, 11/4/98)
1922        Nov 4, British archeologist Howard Carter was elated when his Egyptian workers uncovered the top of a stairway cut into bedrock in the Valley of the Kings. For a decade, Carter had been searching for the tomb of the young king Tutankhamen, who had ruled Egypt 3,200 years before. Carter was particularly thrilled at the discovery of the staircase because his wealthy patron, the Earl of Carnarvon, had agreed to fund only one more season before abandoning the search. At the bottom of the staircase was a sealed doorway, which suggested that the tomb had probably not been robbed. Carter ordered the stairway filled and telegraphed his patron, "At last have made wonderful discovery in valley; a magnificent tomb with seals intact; recovered same for your arrival; congratulations." On November 26, Carter, with Carnarvon standing by, drilled a small hole in the tomb's antechamber. Inserting a candle, Carter peered into the darkness at the rich funerary goods. When asked by Carnarvon if he could see anything, the awestruck Carter replied, "Yes, wonderful things."
    (NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.598)(AP, 11/4/97)(HNPD, 11/3/98)

1922        Nov 5, King Tut’s tomb was discovered. [see Nov 4}
    (HN, 11/5/98)

1922        Nov 6, King George V proclaimed Irish Free state.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1922        Nov 7, Al Hirt, jazz trumpeter, was born in New Orleans, La.
    (MC, 11/7/01)

1922        Nov 8, Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon, was born. He performed the first human heart transplant operation. [see Oct 8]
    (HN, 11/8/00)

1922        Nov 11, Kurt Vonnegut, American author who wrote "Slaughterhouse Five," was born.
    (HN, 11/11/98)
1922        Nov 11, Canada’s Vernon McKenzie urged fighting U.S. propaganda with taxes on U.S. magazines.
    (HN, 11/11/98)

1922        Nov 12, Charlotte MacLeod, mystery writer, was born. (Rest You Merry, Maid of Honor).
    (HN, 11/12/00)

1922        Nov 13, Black Renaissance began in Harlem, NY.
    (MC, 11/13/01)
1922        Nov 13, George Cohan's musical "Little Nellie Kelly," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1922        Nov 14, Boutros Boutros Ghali, Egyptian secretary-general of UN (1992-), was born.
    (MC, 11/14/01)
1922        Nov 14, The British Broadcasting Corporation, BBC, began the first daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House. The company was formed with a commercial mission to sell radio sets. General manager John Reith (33), Scottish engineer, envisaged an independent British broadcaster able to educate, inform and entertain the whole nation, free from political interference and commercial pressure.
    (AP, 11/14/97)(

1922        Nov 15, It was announced that Dr. Alexis Carrel discovered white corpuscles.
    (HN, 11/15/00)

1922        Nov 17, Mahmet VI (1861-1926), the last Ottoman Sultan (aka Sultan Vahdettin), left the Dolmabahçe Palace on board the British gunship Malaya and went to Malta. He spent just 37 days on this island and went to Mecca upon the invitation of a local leader. His subsequent attempts to restore himself as Caliph in Hejaz proved a failure. He died in San Remo, Italy.
    (AP, 4/3/12)(

1922        Nov 18, Marcel Proust (b.1871), French author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), died at 51. His masterpiece was "Remembrance of Things Past." In 1998 it was turned into a comic book series. In 1998 Alain de Botton published the whimsical "How Proust Can Save Your Life." In 1999 Edmund White wrote the biography "Marcel Proust." The major biography by John Yves Taddie was scheduled to appear in English in 1999. In 2000 Roger Shattuck authored "Proust’s Way." William C. Carter authored "Marcel Proust: A Life."
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)(SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.3)(MC, 11/18/01)

1922        Nov 21, Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia was sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1922        Nov 24, Italian parliament gave Mussolini dictatorial powers "for 1 year."
    (MC, 11/24/01)

1922        Nov 25, Archaeologist Howard Carter entered King Tut's tomb.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1922        Nov 26, Charles M. Shultz, American cartoonist who created "Peanuts" starring Charlie Brown, was born.
    (HN, 11/26/98)
1922        Nov 26, Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter, archeologists, opened King Tut’s tomb in Egypt.
    (HN, 11/26/98)(AP, 11/26/02)

1922        Nov 27, Allied delegates barred Soviets from Near East peace conference.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1922        Nov 28, Capt. Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force gave the first public skywriting exhibition, spelling out, "Hello U-S-A. Call Vanderbilt 7200" over New York’s Times Square. 47,000 called.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1922        Nov 28, In Greece six top politicians and soldiers were executed one day after being convicted of high treason following a crushing military defeat by Turkey. In 2010 the Greek Supreme Court posthumously acquitted the six executed politicians and soldiers. 
    (AP, 10/21/10)(

1922        Nov 30, Hitler spoke to 50,000 national socialists (Nazis) in Munich.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1922        Dec 1, 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1922        Dec 3, Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer, was born.
    (HN, 12/3/00)

1922        Dec 4, Gerard Philipe, actor (Caligula, Le Diable au Corps), was born in Cannes, France.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1922        Dec 6, The Irish Free State came into being under terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

1922        Dec 11, Grace Paley, short story writer, was born.
    (HN, 12/11/00)
1922        Dec 11, Gabriel Narutowicz (b.1865), a Lithuanian-born, Swiss banking engineer, served as Poland’s first post WWI president. Five days later he was assassinated.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.89)(

1922        Dec 12, John Wanamaker (b.1938), US merchant who founded a chain of stores in Philadelphia, died. He introduced department stores and price tags to the US and became the first modern advertiser when he bought ads in newspapers to promote his stores. “Half the money I spend on advertising is wasted; the trouble is I don’t know which half."
    (, 7/8/06, p.61)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.15)

1922        Dec 14, Don Hewitt, NYC, CBS news executive producer (60 Minutes), was born.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1922        Dec 16, Gabriel Narutowicz (b.1865), a Lithuanian-born, Swiss banking engineer and Poland’s first post WWI president was assassinated while attending an art exhibition, in the National Gallery of Art.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.89)(

1922        Dec 21, Paul Winchell, ventriloquist (Jerry Mahoney, Knucklehead Smith), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1922        Dec 24, Ava Gardner, actress (On the Beach, Night of the Iguana), was born in Grabtown, NC.
    (MC, 12/24/01)

1922        Dec 30, Vladimir I. Lenin proclaimed the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Soviet Russia was renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet Union was organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)

1922        The second largest equestrian statue in the world, located in Washington, D.C., is of General and later President Ulysses S. Grant. The statue of Grant, sculpted by Henry Merwin Shrady and dedicated in 1922, stands at head of the reflecting pool in front of the U.S. Capitol Building. The only equestrian statue larger is of Victor Emmanuel in Italy.
    (HNQ, 11/21/98)

1922        Pierre Bonnard painted "Woman With Dog."
    (WSJ, 11/17/99, p.A20)

1922        The Constructivist group of artists in Russia issued a manifesto calling for the defeat of art, which they regarded as the enemy of technology. Alexander Rodchenko (1891-1956), a painter turned photographer, was founding member of the group.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.91)(

1922        Paul Klee painted his watercolor "Little Regata." It was stolen from the Phillips Collection in Washington DC in 1963 and returned in 1997.
    (WSJ, 6/24/97, p.A20)

1922         Fernand Leger painted his "Mother and Child."
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-12)   

1922        Maxfield Parrish painted his oil "Daybreak." It was auctioned off at Sotheby’s in 1996 for $4,292,500.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.C1)

1922        Picasso painted "Mother and Child." [also dated 1921] Picasso originally used his wife's body and the face of another woman and included himself. He later cut himself out after his marriage deteriorated and began painting his wife with a long ugly neck and angry teeth.
    (WSJ, 4/27/95, p.C-1)(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.W16)

1922        Walter Berndt premiered his comic strip "Smitty" in the New York Daily News. It was about an office boy and his annoying kid brother named Herby, who made his own debut in 1930.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, Z1 p.3)

1922        Willa Cather won a Pulitzer Prize for her novel "One of Ours."
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.4)
1922        Marc Chagall (1887-1985), Belarus-born Russian artist, authored a memoir.
    (SFC, 11/19/08, p.E8)
1922        George Samuel Clason authored “The Richest Man in Babylon," financial advice provided as a set of parables set in Babylon.
    (SFC, 5/21/04, p.F1)
1922        The first edition of Compton’s Pictured Encyclopedia was published.
    (WSJ, 8/18/07, p.A5)
1922        F. Scott Fitzgerald authored his 2nd novel “The Beautiful and Damned."
    (WSJ, 7/29/06, p.P12)   
1922        Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) published his novel "Siddhartha," a short lyric novel of a father-son relationship based on the early life of Buddha and inspired by Hesse’s travels through India. In 1951 it was translated to English.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.C12)(iUniv. 7/2/00)(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.P8)

1922        Otto Jesperson (1860-1943), Danish linguist, authored “Language: Its Nature, Development and Origins." “Men sang out their feelings long before they were able to speak their thoughts. But of course we must not imagine that "singing" means exactly the same thing here as in a modern concert hall. When we say that speech originated in song, what we mean is merely that our comparatively monotonous spoken language and our highly developed vocal music are differentiations of primitive utterances, which had more in them of the latter than of the former. These utterances were, at first, like the singing of birds and the roaring of many animals and the crooning of babies, exclamative, not communicative--that is, they came forth from an inner craving of the individual without any thought of any fellow-creatures. Our remote ancestors had not the slightest notion that such a thing as communicating ideas and feelings to someone else was possible."

1922        Franz Kafka (1883-1924) authored his novel “The Castle."
    (WSJ, 8/7/07, p.D10)

1922        Sinclair Lewis (1965-1951) published his novel "Babbitt," a small-town saga of a real estate agent.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)

1922        Emily Post published "Etiquette," which became a best-seller.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.A20)

1922        Lewis Fry Richardson published "Weather Prediction by Numerical Process." He proposed to setup 64,000 people to work together in a vast installation to formulate global weather forecasts.
    (Wired, 2/99, p.104)

1922        Ranier Marie Rilke published "Mitsou," about a cat that runs away from a boy. It was illustrated by Balthus (b.1908).
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, BR p.12)

1922        Margaret Sanger wrote "Pivot of Civilization." She called for the segregation of "morons, misfits, and the maladjusted" and for the "sterilization of "genetically inferior races."
    (WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A18)

1922        Upton Sinclair self-published "The Goose-Step: A Study of American Education."
    (SFEM, 1/30/00, p.15)
1922        "The Velveteen Rabbit" by Margery Williams was published. The book was illustrated by William Nicholson.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1922        Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950), black historian, authored “The Negro in Our History."
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.D8)

1922        James Weldon Johnson published his landmark anthology: "The Book of American Negro Poetry."
    (MT, 3/96, p.14)

1922        T.S. Eliot wrote his long poem "The Waste Land."
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.A14)

1922        Harley Granville Barker, English playwright, wrote "The Secret Life," a romantic melodrama set in England’s countryside after WW I.
    (WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)

1922        The Broadway show "Liza" featured Maude Russell Rutherford (d.2001 at 104) as one of the chorus girls who introduced the Charleston dance. The lyrics and music were by Maceo Pinkard.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.D5)

1922        Jean Borlin, Swedish dancer, choreographed the ballet "Skating Rink." The décor and costumes were designed by Ferdnand Leger. The music was by Arthur Honneger.
    (WSJ, 6/25/99, p.W7)

1922        The play "Abies' Irish Rose" began in New York City and ran for 2,327 performances over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)

1922        The Mills Brothers began performing in Piqua, Ohio. Donald Mills (d.1999), the youngest brother (7), Harry, Herbert and John (d.1936) later made their first hit with "Tiger Rag." Other hits included "Glow Worm," "Yellow Bird" and "Paper Doll."
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E6)

1922        The New York Philharmonic made its first radio broadcast from the old Lewisohn Stadium in upper Manhattan.
    (WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A20)

c1922    Saxophonist Benny Carter began playing with Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway at age 15. Ellington’s band was the Cotton Club Orchestra. His drummer up to the 1940s was Sonny Greer.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.B2)(SFEM, 10/5/97, p.9)

1922        Louis Armstrong moved to Chicago.
    (WSJ, 1/3/95, p. 8)

1922        The first radio station on the West Coast went on the air in San Jose as KQW, later KCBS.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)

1922        Sid Grauman created the concept of the Hollywood premiere by throwing a glittering opening for Douglas Fairbanks Sr.‘s "Robin Hood" at his new Egyptian Theater. Its décor was inspired by the recent discovery of King Tut‘s tomb.
    (AP, 6/18/00)

1922        The Warner Brothers, Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack, opened their first West Coast studio.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)

1922        The 1st arc-welded structure in the US was a 245-step, freestanding, steel staircase into the Moaning Caverns of Calaveras, Ca.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.C5)

1922        The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) expanded its first building at 10 Broad St. to include 11 Wall St.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.D2)

1922        A Greek Orthodox Archdiocese was established in the US.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A3)

1922        Mennonites from Canada and Pennsylvania fled persecution and settled near Chihuahua, Mexico.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.T3)(SFEC, 11/5/00, p.T4)

1922        El Charro, Tucson’s oldest Mexican restaurant was founded.
    (AWAM, Dec. 94, p.31)

1922        The Pescadero High School in Pescadero, Calif. was founded.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.C-3)

1922        Reader’s Digest launched its flagship magazine.
    (WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A1)

1922        The journal Foreign Affairs was founded with Archibald Cary Coolidge as editor.
    (WSJ, 11/20/97, p.A20)

1922        Jacinto Benavente y Martinez (b.1866), Spanish dramatist, won the Nobel Prize.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1922        Otto Meyerhof (1884-1951), German doctor, won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle.
1922        Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer (1893-1896), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.
    (ON, 7/05, p.5)

1922        In the Rose Bowl California played to a 0-0 tie with Washington & Jefferson.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.C12)

1922        The Hollywood censorship regime known as the Hays Office was set up. It established that no two people could be filmed in the same bed and helped to popularize twin beds.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, Z1 p.8)

1922        Washington made a Naval Treaty with Japan.
    (AP, 12/29/97)

1922        The Colorado River Compact allocated 7.5 million acre-feet of water from the upper basin states (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) to be delivered to the lower basin sates (California, Arizona and Nevada) plus the rights to divert another 1 million acre-feet from the river’s lower tributaries.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A10)(SFCM, 7/17/05, p.6)

1922        The country Club Plaza of Kansas City, Mo., opened as an elite alternative to downtown shopping and was the 1st retailing concept to rely upon shoppers arriving by car. The major shopping mall movement in the US began in 1956 with the Edina, Minn., mall.
    (WSJ, 1/30/04, p.W9)

1922        Ford bought Lincoln Motor Co.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1922        Samuel I. Newhouse (d.1979) bought the financially troubled Staten Island Advance newspaper. The Newhouse family expanded the operations into a major communications conglomerate.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.B6)

1922        Clarence Birdseye returned to New York state and began experimenting with packaging frozen food.
    (ON, 8/12, p.5)

1922        Dole, a Boston businessman, bought 98% of Hawaii’s Lanai Island for $1.1 million and planted 16,000 acres of pineapple. He imported plantation workers from Japan, China and the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)

1922        Macy’s Department Stores became a publicly traded corporation. In 1996 Jeffrey A. Trachtenberg wrote how the company was taken private in 1986 to its Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1992: "The Rain on Macy’s Par."
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.D5)

1922        Ida Rosenthal (1860-1973), Belarus-born immigrant and Manhattan dressmaker, came up with the first Maidenform bra.
    (, 12/29/13, Par p.14)

1922        Jules Stein created the band-booking agency Music Corporation of America.
    (SSFC, 6/15/03, p.M1)

1922        W. Clement Stone (b.1902) began his Combined Registry & Co., an insurance operation, in Chicago, Illinois with $100. In 1987 it was renamed Aon Corp. By the time of his death in 2002 Combined Int’l. had grown to a $2 billion concern.
    (SSFC, 7/16/06, p.D1)(

1922        Tinker Beads began to be produced. A full set contained 144 wooden beads, cord and a blunt needle.
    (SFC, 2/5/97, Z1 p.7)

1922        Vitamin E was discovered in when Evans HM et al. described a "substance X" that was essential to maintain rat fertility. After obtaining similar results, Sure B called the substance "vitamin E" because vitamins A, B, C, and D were already known.

1922        Alexander Friedmann, Russian physicist and mathematician, made two simple assumptions about the universe that show why we should not expect it to be static. The first is that the universe looks identical in whichever direction we look and the second is that this would also be true if we were to observe the universe from anywhere else. This is later proven by Bubble.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.40)

1922        The 228-foot Standard Oil Building at 225 Bush was completed in Italian Renaissance style. It was designed by George Kelham, was expanded in 1949 and was sold in 1994 to Pacific Resources Development Inc. In 1999 it became the NBC Internet Building leased by from Ocwen Asset Investment Corp.
    (, 9/9/99, p.B2)(SFC, 9/6/01, p.A11)(SSFC, 5/31/15, p.C2)
1922        In San Francisco the Greek Revival home at 439 Roosevelt Way was built. It was designed by architect John C. Hladick and was at one time own ed by silent movie star Norma Talmadge (1894-1957).
    (SSFC, 11/3/13, p.C2)
1922        In San Francisco the 7-storey headquarters of the Spring Valley Water Co. was built its  at 425 Mason St. It was designed by Willis Polk.
    (SSFC, 8/24/14, p.C2)
1922        San Francisco’s last Tong murder took place. In 1962 Richard Dillon authored “Hatchet Men," an account of the SF Tong wars.
    (SFC, 7/13/13, p.C2)
1922        The oil tanker Lyman A. Stuart sank near Mile Rocks off the coast of San Francisco.
    (G, Winter 96/97, p.3)(SFC, 6/29/13, p.C2)

1922        Roy Chapman Andrews of the American Museum of Natural History led an expedition to the Gobi desert and discovered dinosaur bones. Later expeditions there turned up bones and nests of Protoceratops, a small horned dinosaur. He led 6 expeditions to the Gobi between 1921 and 1930. Andrews’ own autobiography is titled "Under a Lucky Star." In 2001 Charles Gallencamp the Andrews biography: "Dragon Hunter."
    (T.E.-J.B. p.25)(AM, 7/97, p.80)(WSJ, 5/21/01, p.A20)

1922        George Leigh Mallory (36) took part in a 2nd expedition of mountain climbers to Mt. Everest. 7 porters were killed and the expedition failed to reach the summit.
    (ON, 3/05, p.7)

1922        Arthur Wesley Dow (b.1857), American photographer, died.
    (WSJ, 1/20/04, p.D7)

1922        In Albania Zog, a tribal warlord, became the prime minister.
    (SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)
 1922        Vegemite, a salty, slightly bitter spread made from brewer's yeast, was introduced by Australian chemist Cyril Callister for the Fred Walker Cheese Company in Melbourne. The company wanted a Vitamin B-rich spread that could compete with Britain's popular Marmite. The name came in a 1923 national poll. In 2009 Kraft Foods Australia announced that a creamier variation of Vegemite would be on store shelves July 5 alongside the original.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
1922        Reginald Arthur Borstel (b.1875), Australian artist, died. He was known for his ship portraits.
    (SSFC, 3/27/05, p.B5)
1922        Henry Lawson (b.1867), Australian poet, died.
    (NG, 8/04, p.1)
1922        In Australia Colin Campbell Ross was hanged for raping and murdering Alma Tirtschke (12) and dumping her body in an alley in 1921. In 2008 the city of Melbourne posthumously pardoned him for the crime after new tests found crucial evidence against him was flawed.
    (Reuters, 5/27/08)

1922        Britain decommissioned the HMS Ascension and the island became a dependency of St. Helena. Ascension Island issued its first postage stamps.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.160)(
1922        Britain’s Daily Mail and General Trust (DMGT) was established to manage the Daily Mail and other newspaper interests of its founding family. The group can trace its origins back to launch of the mid market national newspaper the Daily Mail by Harold Harmsworth and his elder brother, Alfred, in 1896.
    (, 4/6/13, p.66)

1922        In Croatia Sister Marija Krucifiksa Kozulic, founder of the Corruption’s Society of the sisters of the Sacred heart of Jesus, died. Her support of orphans and poor children led to later efforts for her canonization.
    (SFC, 2/17/14, p.A1)

1922        Adolph Hitler and Hermann Goring became friends and political allies because of their mutual hatred of the Versailles Treaty. In 2004 Anthony Read authored "The Devil's Disciples: Hitler's Inner Circle."
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.M3)
1922        In the Rapallo Treaty Germany recognized Lenin's regime.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A16)
1922        Carl Wieselsberger, German physicist, described a method of suspending models on an airstream, i.e. the ground effect.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, TQ p.12)(
1922        Walther Rathenau, a German-Jewish industrialist, was assassinated by right-wing thugs. The 1999 book "Einstein's German World" by Fritz Stern included an essay on Rathenau. Other essays presented views of Max Planck, physicist, Paul Ehrlich, founder of chemotherapy, and Fritz Haber, who worked on the insecticide later known as Zyklon-B.
    (WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A24)

1922        The novel “Rene Leys" by French author Victor Segalen (1878-1919), was published three years after the author’s death. The novel, writen in diary form, was about a Belgian teenager in old Peking who regales his employer with tales of the hidden intrigues and conspiracies taking palce in the imperial palace.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.86)
1922        In Pauillac, France, Baron Philippe de Rothschild took over the Bordeaux region vineyard that had been initially purchased by his great-grandfather. He initiated bottling all production at the chateau and commissioned the architect, Charles Siclis, to build the famous "Grand Chai," as the centerpiece building.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T4)

1922        James Dole, a Boston businessman, bought 98% of Lanai Island, Ha., from the Baldwins for $1.1 million and planted 16,000 acres of pineapple. Dole built Lanai City, a harbor, infrastructure and brought in workers from China, Japan and the Philippines.
    (SSFC, 8/26/01, p.T10)(SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1922        Hungary’s Regent Miklos Horthy passed the first of four anti-Jewish laws, limiting the number of Jewish students at universities.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.59)
1922        Their was a rainfall of spiders over Hungary.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.E4)

1922        In India civil disobedience demonstrators killed 22 police officers and Gandhi called off his campaign of disobedience.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)

1922        The Irish Republican Army refused to accept a separate Northern Ireland under British rule.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)

1922        In Ireland a cease-fire was established.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, p.C4)

1922        Revolutionary Erskine Childers was killed by Irish Free State forces. His son later became president, and his grandson a UN official.
    (SFC, 4/9/96, p.A17)

1922        The Univ. of Lithuania was founded in Kaunas.
    (DrEE, 11/23/96, p.4)

1922        The West Bank became an unallocated portion of the Palestine Mandate.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)

1922        Lenin deported 70 of the best minds in Russia along with their families. In 2006 Lesley Chamberlain authored “The Philosophy Steamer: Lenin and the Exile of the Intelligentsia."
    (Econ, 3/18/06, p.80)
1922        The Soviet government divided the North Caucasus along ethnic lines, separating the Chechen Autonomous Oblast from the Republic of the Mountain Peoples and abolishing the republic itself in 1924.
    (, 9/2/04, p.13A)
1922        The Red October Heat and Power Plant opened in St. Petersburg, Russia.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.F8)

1922        Scotland joined the United Kingdom of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
    (WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A13)

1922        In Montevideo, Uruguay, the 26-storey Palacio Salvo hotel, designed by Architect Mario Palanti, became the tallest building in South America.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.F6)

1922-1928    Dolly Rekords were made during this period by the Averill Co. They were played on a small record player inside the body of a Madame Hendren Doll.
    (SFC, 9/23/98, Z1 p.8)

1922-1948    Palestine and the West Bank comprised about 1/5th of the local area under British rule at his time.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.C12)

1922-1953    Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
    (AHD, 1971, p.1255)

1922-1981    H. C. Westerman, American artist. He is recognized as the pioneer of the Chicago Monster School of grotesque comic art. His work included the watercolor "Mohave" (1966), and the box sculptures "March or Die" (1966), and "The Evil Force" (1962).
    (SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)

February 5, 1922 - Reader's Digest is founded and the first issue published by Dewitt and Lila Wallace.

February 6, 1922 - The Armaments Congress ends. It would lead to an agreement, the Five Power Disarmament Treaty, between the major world powers of the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Japan, and the United States, to limit naval construction, outlaw poison gas, restrict submarine attacks on merchant fleets and respect China's sovereignty.

April 7, 1922 - The Teapot Dome scandal begins when the U.S. Secretary of the Interior leases the Teapot Oil Reserves in Wyoming.

May 5, 1922 - Construction begins on Yankee Stadium in New York City, often dubbed the House that Ruth Built.

- The American Professional Football League is formed in 1920 with Jim Thorpe as its president and eleven teams. It would change its name to the National Football League in 1922.

Historical Events

Jul 5 1st general election in Netherlands
Jul 5 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
Jul 5 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
Jul 6 Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy
Jul 8 35th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats M Mallory (6-2 6-0)
Jul 9 Johnny Weissmuller swims 1st 100 m free style under 1 minute
Jul 10 42nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Gerald Patterson beats R Lycett (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Jul 11 The Hollywood Bowl opens.
Jul 15 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo
Jul 15 26th US Golf Open: Gene Sarazen shoots a 288 at Skokie CC in Ill
Jul 17 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto
Jul 20 Togo made a mandate of League of Nations
Jul 22 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
Jul 23 16th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium
Jul 25 AT&T begins broadcasting on WBAY (NYC-later WEAF, WNBC, WRCA & WFAN)
Jul 27 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
Jul 29 Greek troops defeat Turkish forces and are on their way to Constantinople, but the Allies forbid them taking the city
Jul 31 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn)
Jul 31 General strike in Italy against fascist violence

Famous Birthdays

Jul 2 Dan Rowan, Beggs Oklahoma, comedian (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in)
Jul 2 Genrikh Matusovich Vagner, composer
Jul 3 Art Fowler, baseball player
Jul 3 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles)
Jul 3 Francois Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village)
Jul 3 Tom Hudson, artist/teacher
Jul 4 Ghulam Ahmed, cricketer (off-spinner in 22 Tests for India in 1950's)
Jul 6 Francisco Moncion, dancer
Jul 6 William Schallert, American actor (Patty Duke Show, Get Smart), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
Jul 7 Artie Malvin, US music director (Julie LaRosa/Steve Lawrence)
Jul 7 Pierre Cardin, fashion designer (Unisex), born in Paris, France
Jul 9 Rey Hassan, Morroco, King of Morocco (1961- )
Jul 10 Derek Prouse, writer actor/film festival director (Le Scandale)
Jul 10 Herb McKenley, Jamaica, 4 X 400m relay runner (Olympic-gold-1952)
Jul 11 Gene Evans, Hollbrook Az, actor (My Friend Flicka, Matt Helm, Alamo)
Jul 12 Clark MacGregor, politician (involved in Watergate)
Jul 12 James E[dwin] Gunn, US, sci-fi author (Station in Space, Immortal)
Jul 12 Mark O Hatfield, (Sen-R Oregon, 1967- )
Jul 13 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
Jul 13 Lois Kibbee, American actress (Edge of Night), born in Rhinelander, Wisconsin (d. 1993)
Jul 13 Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
Jul 14 Peter Andrew Tranchell, composer
Jul 14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
Jul 14 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
Jul 15 Jef Houthuys, chairman Belgian labor union (ACV 1968-87)
Jul 15 Jeffrey Benson, CEO (600 group)
Jul 15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
Jul 17 Donald Alfred Davie, poet/critic
Jul 18 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
Jul 19 George McGovern, (Sen-D-SD)/presidential candidate (D-1972), (d. 2012)
Jul 19 Rachel Robinson, social activist/humanitarian/Mrs Jackie Robinson
Jul 19 Harold Camping, American evangelist, founder of Family Radio
Jul 20 Miroslav "Standa" Bares, Czech/Dutch actor/director (Billy Budd)
Jul 20 Alan Stephenson Boyd, American politician
Jul 21 Kay Starr [Katherine Starks], American singer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Dougherty Oklahoma (d. 2016)
Jul 22 Patricia Canning Todd, American tennis player, born in San Francisco (d. 2015)
Jul 23 Moses Rosen, chief Rabbi of Romania
Jul 24 Charles Mathias Jr, (Sen-R-MD, 1969-86)
Jul 24 Leo Kraft, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
Jul 24 Madeleine Ferron, French Canadian writer
Jul 26 Andrzej Koszewski, composer
Jul 26 Blake Edwards, OK, writer/director (10, SOB, Breakfast at Tiffany's)
Jul 26 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board)
Jul 26 Jason Robards Jr, actor (A Thousand Clowns, Any Wednesday), born in Chicago, Illinois
Jul 27 Adolfo Celi, Sicily Italy, director (Next Man, Murders in Rue Morgue)
Jul 27 Bob Thiele, record producer
Jul 27 Lillian Hayman, American actress (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Baltimore,Maryland (d. 1994)
Jul 27 Norman Lear, TV writer/producer (All in The Family)
Jul 28 Jacques Piccard, Switzerland, undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)
Jul 30 Zbigniew Wiszniewski, composer
Jul 30 Henry W. Bloch, American co-founder of H&R Block
Jul 31 Lucy Killea, (assemblywoman-California)

Famous Weddings

Jul 18 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

Famous Deaths

Jul 4 Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1894)
Jul 6 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
Jul 7 Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
Jul 13 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
Jul 17 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist, dies at 57
Jul 19 Cornelis A Pekelharing, Dutch histologist, dies on 74th birthday
Jul 20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
Jul 21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered
Jul 22 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
Jul 22 John Motley Morehead III, American Chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
Jul 25 Jarolslaw Zielinski, composer, dies at 75
Jul 29 Edward Gailliard, Flemish language/archaeologist, dies at 81

July 1 – The United States Navy orders the incomplete battlecruisers USS Lexington and USS Saratoga to be completed as aircraft carriers

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